The Department of Surgical Oncology consists of dedicated surgical specialists from emanate institutions such as TMH, RGCIRC, etc.
Surgery is a modality of treatment in cancer care usually performed to remove cancer cells, and other cancer-related symptoms.
In many cases, surgery is combined with other cancer treatments such as Chemotherapy, Hormone Therapy, Targeted Therapy, Immunotherapy & Radiation Therapy. These may be given before or after surgery to help prevent cancer growth, spread or recurrence.
We also perform organ preservation surgeries where cancer cells are removed from the host without removing the organ. A team of Nutritionists, Rehabilitation Therapists and other clinicians work alongside the surgical oncologist to support the patients healing and quality of life after the surgery is completed.
Cancer treatment sometimes change the appearance of a body part, while re-constructive surgery helps to repair that damage. Re-constructive surgery is most commonly needed after some types of surgery to remove the cancer. A patient may choose to have re-constructive surgery after a mastectomy. In cases involving cancer of Head and Neck it may be required to replace tissues or nerves during the treatment for these cancers. We do have skillful and experienced plastic surgeons for these procedures.
The Safety standards and protocols followed are in-line with the International guidelines.
We have 2 Major and 1 Minor Operation Theater with HEPA-Filters for better air filtration and infection control.
Oncologists are doctors who help to prevent and to treat cancer. They work with your primary care doctor to come up with a treatment plan for you. Surgical oncologists use surgery to improve your condition. Their main job is to remove tumors and nearby tissue that has cancer cells in it. They also do procedures called biopsy that tell if you have cancer and how severe it is.
Surgical oncology can help people during the early stages of cancer or when the condition is more advanced. Some common reasons you might need this type of intervention are:
To prevent cancer. If you have a high risk of getting the disease in a certain part of your body, a surgical oncologist can do an operation to prevent it. They remove tissue in the area that’s precancerous or likely to become cancerous. For example, some women who have a very strong family history of breast or ovarian cancer and mutations in genes that are linked with the disease may work with a surgical oncologist to remove their breasts before cancer appears.
To see if you have cancer. When your doctor sees a growth or other signs of a tumor, a surgical oncologist can remove all or part of the tissue. Then, a scientist can study it under a microscope to see if it has cancer cells. This procedure is called a biopsy.
To see how severe it is. Oncologists use surgery to understand how advanced someone’s condition is. They look at the size of a tumor and see if it has spread to other parts of your body, like lymph nodes or other organs.
To treat cancer. Surgical oncologists remove tumors to help rid your body of cancer cells. There are a few different types of surgeries:
To ease symptoms. Even if doctors can’t get rid of your cancer with an operation, they might suggest it as a way to help you feel better. This is called palliative surgery. It can help relieve symptoms of advanced cancer. For example, if a tumor is pressing on a nerve or bone and causing pain, a surgical oncologist can do palliative surgery to bring relief.
Changing the look of your body after surgery. Once you’ve had surgery to remove tumors, your body might look and feel different. Surgical oncologists can do reconstructive surgery to restore the look and function of areas affected by cancer.
In some patients, surgery is the only treatment option. However, surgery is done along with other treatments in many patients, such as chemotherapy, targeted or immune therapies, radiation therapy and hormone therapy.
Surgery can be neoadjuvant and adjuvant. Neoadjuvant means that the surgery is performed after other treatments, while adjuvant means that the surgery is done before the other treatments.
All surgeries come with some form of risks, which can be the following
Yes, anesthesia is needed to carry out surgeries. General anesthesia can be used to make the patient unconscious, while the surgery is carried out. Many minor surgeries can be done using local anesthesia with sedation to keep the patient comfortable. The type of surgery and the patient’s overall health is considered while deciding on the use of anesthesia. A surgical oncologist would work along with an anesthetist during the surgery.
Both of them are certified & qualified Surgeons but the General Surgeon becomes a Surgical oncologist after undergoing specialty training in Onco Surgery.
The cancer treatment is customized for every patient depending upon type, stage, age, and other factors. Once cancer and the stage are diagnosed, the doctor will evaluate the overall condition and provide appropriate treatment. However, treatment should be initiated as soon as possible to avoid cancer progression.